Opinion | Let’s Drop the Charade and Pay College Athletes
College sports has a lot of hypocrisy. I believe it’s time for the N.C.A.A. to stop pretending that education is its top priority and pay college athletes.
Universities are supposed to be educational institutions, but for too many of them their self-worth is tied to winning. When you win, you make more TV money. The school receives more alumni donations and student applications. Local businesses fill up with more customers. Enrollment increases, which brings more revenue.
The N.C.A.A. is run by universities, so it has a conflict of interest between education and money. We all know how that conflict turns out. I once spoke to a meeting of athletic directors and told them: “All you administrators preach education, but you vote money. When it’s time to make rules, you vote for the rules that will make everybody the most money.” I’m not saying that voting money is bad. I’m saying let’s call it what it is. Capitalism is the system we operate in. College basketball is subject to the laws of supply and demand.
The amateurism of big-time college sports is antiquated and needs to be redefined. We shouldn’t act like going to college is a religious experience for everybody. The best basketball players right now are not going to college for an education. They are going to college for less than a year to make millions in the pros, which can be a smart decision. Pretty soon, very few of the best players will attend college at all. Most of them will go straight to the N.B.A., the G League or overseas — or just stay home and work out.
The problem is, there aren’t enough jobs for all the high school kids who think they are pro material. These kids won’t care about academics, because they think they’re going to the N.B.A. The ones who don’t make it, which will be many if not most of them, would have been much better off with a college education.
But the world is changing, and college athletics needs to adapt. For many years, I resisted the idea of paying players. I felt that it would be too hard to change the system, and that paying players would create more problems than it solved. I thought we had dug our own grave so deep we couldn’t throw the shovel out. But recently, I changed my mind.
At this point, I believe the best course for college basketball is sharing revenue with players. I’ve been joking for years that whenever a blue-blood school commits a violation, the N.C.A.A. puts a historically Black college on probation. Now those jokes don’t sound so funny anymore, because some big schools are on federal wiretaps talking about paying kids and the N.C.A.A. is taking years to do anything about it.
Everybody within college basketball knows which schools are buying players — illegally offering cash or other gifts to players or their families to persuade them to attend and play at their schools. The whole system is filthy with it, well beyond the few schools publicly named by the N.C.A.A. Since the N.C.A.A. won’t hold everyone accountable, paying players might as well be legal. Schools that don’t pay for players have an extremely hard time competing for championships, and coaches who don’t cheat can barely hold on to their jobs, because their losses against the cheaters are counted against them.
The N.C.A.A. is also teaching young athletes that the way to succeed in life is to break rules, not follow them. We are abdicating our responsibility to act on the rules we make and corrupting the educational mission that universities are supposed to have. It seems that the N.C.A.A. is making players into thieves. It feels like entrapment.
All of this creates a situation where winning at a school like Georgetown, where I coached, is harder than at a lot of places Georgetown wants to compete with. Georgetown is not the same as those other schools. Those other schools are committed to winning at any cost. They do things we don’t, including but not limited to paying for players.
If I were coaching right now, I would cheat, too. I would pay for players, because if I didn’t I would lose to the cheaters and get fired. The N.C.A.A. has almost given coaches no other choice but to cheat if they want to compete for championships.
I don’t condone how adults use high school kids to make money, but a lot of these kids are not innocent, either. Most of the kids who take money make a conscious decision to do so. I’m sick and tired of hearing that helpless kids are being taken advantage of by unscrupulous adults. These kids know their worth on the black market, and they decide to cheat. They are not innocent, and they should be penalized when they break the rules. But the people who run the N.C.A.A. are more guilty than anybody. They go after petty violations like having too many coaches at practice, but turn a blind eye to buying five-star recruits who bring in millions of dollars’ worth of ticket sales and TV ratings.
It wasn’t easy for me to come to the conclusion that players should be paid. It’s always bothered me when people say college athletes make money for schools but get nothing in return. A free education is not nothing — ask someone with student loans about that. Ask someone stuck in a low-wage job if a college degree is nothing. It makes sense to say that college athletes should receive more, but don’t devalue education.
Everyone Made Money Off My N.C.A.A. Career, Except Me
California’s initiative to allow college athletes to profit from their talent is a boon, especially for women and competitors in sports without pro leagues.
My senior year my routine went viral with over 100 million views. “Amazing routine!” “Best performer in the country!” Along with this came a lot of attention and opportunities. But I couldn’t capitalize on them. “One of the biggest stars in collegiate gymnastics …” “Katelyn Ohashi …” I was handcuffed by the N.C.A.A. rules that prevented me from deriving any benefit from my own name and likeness regardless of the fact that after my final meet I had no pro league to join. The N.C.A.A. is a billion- dollar industry built on the backs of college athletes. How different would things be for me had I been able to use my image and name my last year of school in order to promote the things that I want to further my future? I want to make sure that the next person doesn’t have to wonder. “And now there’s some big news in California” “Gov. Gavin Newsom signed … ” “… their ‘Fair Pay to Play’ bill.” “It allows college athletes to be paid for their name, their image and their likeness.” “It’s going to set up this huge showdown between the State of California and the N.C.A.A.” “The N.C.A.A. will likely challenge this in court.” The “Fair Pay to Play Act” is not about paying salaries to college athletes. It’s about empowering student athletes to rightfully earn off their individual name and likeness without sacrificing the opportunity to get an education. It’s about making sure if a student-athlete’s jersey is still selling in the bookstore 10 years after graduation, that they get a cut. It’s about recognizing that women only receive 4 percent of all coverage in sports media, and giving us the freedom to leverage sponsored deals to break through. It’s about treating student athletes with the same respect as any other student who can freely profit off their talent as writers, artists, D.J.s, programmers or scientists while in college. Critics say that allowing student athletes to earn endorsement income will come at the expense of Title IX or nonrevenue-generating sports. But from experience, allowing an athlete, especially women or Olympic sport athletes who, for the most part are staying and graduating from N.C.A.A. institutions, to take advantage of unexpected moments like I had, empowers us to help finally earn what we deserve.
Paying players would not be easy. A lot of difficult questions would need to be answered. For example, if we had paid players when Allen Iverson was at Georgetown, he would have believed that he should be paid more than everybody else — and he would have been right. How do you set up a fair compensation system? How would we ensure that female athletes are treated equitably under Title IX? How would it change our responsibility to educate players? What about the majority of schools whose football and basketball teams do not make money? If we are basically hiring kids to play college sports, does that mean we can fire them, too? I haven’t heard anyone satisfactorily explain how all this could work. But that doesn’t mean it’s impossible, or worse than the alternative.
A wise person once told me that love is not a word, it’s an action. The same concept applies to fairness and justice. Without action, we cannot have fairness and justice in college basketball. Since the N.C.A.A. is clearly hurting kids and coaches by refusing to act on its own rules, let’s end the charade and allow college athletes to be paid.
John Thompson Jr. was Georgetown University’s basketball coach from 1972-1999 and the author of the forthcoming “I Came as a Shadow: An Autobiography,” written with the journalist Jesse Washington, from which this essay is adapted. Mr. Thompson died on Aug. 30.
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