Monday, 26 Oct 2020

British Dorms on Lockdown After Coronavirus Outbreaks

This is the Coronavirus Schools Briefing, a guide to the seismic changes in U.S. education that are taking place during the pandemic. Sign up here to get this newsletter in your inbox.

Inside a dormitory at Manchester Metropolitan University, trash piled up in shared kitchens. Students washed their clothes in bathroom sinks. Security guards were stationed at the gates, keeping anyone from leaving or entering.

When the virus tore through student housing, students were largely left to fend for themselves, nurse roommates back to health, and rely on food deliveries from their parents who drove hours to deliver food, and lawyers who offered pro bono help.

“It really was abandonment,” said Lucia Dorado, a freshman, speaking about the university’s response. “They put in barely anything to battle this, and it’s come at the expense of our mental and physical health.”

To date, roughly 90 British universities have reported coronavirus cases. As in the United States, outbreaks are seeping into surrounding towns. Worst of all, thousands of British students are confined to their halls, many living with infected classmates and struggling to get tested themselves.

At Manchester Metropolitan, a 33,000-student campus, at least 137 students were quickly infected and 1,500 freshmen had to isolate. The infection rate in the surrounding city is 10 times higher than in August.

British universities reopened weeks after similar outbreaks at American colleges, which swelled the U.S. case count by 3,000 a day and left several students dead.

As in the U.S., financial pressures drove schools to reopen. For years, the British government has cut funding, so universities increased enrollment to meet the bottom line. Little aid materialized during the pandemic, so many campuses plowed forward as planned.

“Students are money in the bank, and as long as we’re on campus they’ll worry about the consequences later,” said Aslan Warburton, a freshman at Manchester Metropolitan. “The financial side has taken priority over student well-being and the greater good.”

Campus jobs in the Covid era

New York University has hired about 300 students as public health ambassadors. For $15 an hour, they walk around campus, encouraging others to wear face masks and to keep their distance.

One such ambassador, J.J. Briscoe, spoke with our colleague Amanda Rosa. “I really would like to stay and not have to go home,” said Briscoe, a freshman from Kansas. “It was something I could do to help.”

But it’s not always working. Once, he asked a small, mask-less group of students to cover up. When he came back around the corner, they rushed to put them on again.

“This was just awkward for all of us,” he said.

A tale of teenage transmission

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention took a close look at a 13-year-old girl who contracted the virus and spread it to her family. Here’s how the outbreak happened:

A 13-year-old was exposed to the virus away from her home.

A rapid antigen test came back negative four days later.

Two days later, she developed nasal congestions — her only symptom.

That same day, she traveled with her family to a get-together with 20 relatives, then stayed with 14 of them in a large house over the course of a month.

No one in the house wore masks or practiced social distancing, and 12 of them (including the girl) eventually became infected with the virus. One was hospitalized and another was taken to an emergency room because of trouble breathing. Both recovered.

Six other relatives stopped by the house over two days — once for about 10 hours, once for three — but stayed outside and maintained social distance. Although they didn’t wear masks, none of them became ill.

Her example provides yet more evidence that while adolescents may not get as sick from the virus as adults, they can quickly spread it to others. The study adds to evidence that teenagers are more likely to become infected and spread the virus than younger children.

School Reopenings ›

Back to School

Updated Oct. 7, 2020

The latest on how schools are reopening amid the pandemic.

    • Imagine running a K-7 school. By yourself. In your own home. Meet the Crawfords in the first installment of our weekly “Family, Interrupted” series.
    • With no bailout from the government, financially strapped British universities beckoned students back to campus, with predictably dire results.
    • Cases are spiking at Appalachian State in North Carolina, where a student died last week, leading to calls for stronger safety measures.
    • The “In Her Words” newsletter looks at how America’s teaching workforce became undervalued, overly relied on and predominantly female.

    “It re-emphasizes the importance of basic public health precautions, even with people we know and love,” said Megan Ranney, a professor of emergency medicine at Brown University who was not involved with the study.

    Around the country

    K-12 update

    Boston said it will suspend its public schools reopening plan after the city’s coronavirus infection rate surpassed 4 percent.

    In New York, multiple positive cases temporarily shut down the private school Horace Mann.

    In North Carolina, a third-grade teacher died days after testing positive for the virus.

    In Maryland, a crowd of about 200 rallied to bring back high school sports.

    A high school student in Florida was arrested after refusing to wear a mask.

    In Massachusetts, a high school party is at the center of an outbreak.

    Twice as many teachers retired in Alabama in September, compared with previous years.

    College update

    Colleges across California are struggling to manage outbreaks on campus.

    At the University of Georgia, photos of moldy disinfectant wipes have raised concerns over cleaning procedures.

    In Connecticut, Sacred Heart University announced that more than 100 students have been suspended for violating coronavirus protocols.

    College students across Pennsylvania are facing new barriers to voting because of the pandemic.

    The president of Florida State University, John Thrasher, has tested positive for the coronavirus.

    An outbreak among fraternities and sororities at the University of Washington has grown to 163 cases as of Monday, The Seattle Times reports.

    Louisiana State University announced it will ask students to get coronavirus tests monthly.

    Homecoming at H.B.C.U.s

    At historically Black colleges and universities, homecoming is part family reunion, part revival. It’s canceled this year, so our colleague Charanna Alexander put together a virtual celebration.

    “I was first captivated by the experience as a freshman at Howard University,” Charanna wrote. ‘But it wasn’t until my return as an alumna to the Mecca (a nickname for the school adopted by many students) that I appreciated the experience of Black fellowship on a deeper level.”

    Tip: Thank your school nurse

    In the school reopening effort, nurses have a crucial role.

    “In order for us to make sure the students are well taken care of, even at home, we have to keep calling, touching base with parents, with students,” said Kenya Brown, the school nurse for a public school in Jamaica, Queens.

    On top of her regular duties, she’s become a point person for reopening protocols. Before school reopened on Oct. 1, she had planning meetings with the building management team, the custodians, and the people in charge of food and school safety.

    “Some students have lost parents and grandparents,” she said. “It’s a humbling situation.”

    So if you’re a student or parent, thank your school nurse. They’re keeping your community afloat and your school open.

    Jonathan Wolfe contributed to the Coronavirus Schools Briefing. You can reach the team at [email protected]

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